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"The Night Chicago Died"
Paper Lace
Mercury 73492
August 1974
Billboard: #1    Lyrics Icon Videos Icon

Paper Laceitch Murray and Peter Callander had no intention of having a second number one single stolen from them by an American group, after Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods beat their group Paper Lace to the top of the American charts with a competing version of the Murray and Callander song "Billy, Don't Be a Hero" in June 1974. Paper Lace's original version of "The Night Chicago Died" was rushed out in America before anyone else could record a cover version. But Murray believes the Bo Donaldson cover version of their first Paper Lace hit (which went to number one in the U.K. but only climbed to number 96 in the U.S.) may have been a blessing in disguise. "'The Night Chicago Died' might not have been number one if "Billy, Don't Be a Hero' had been a hit by Paper Lace," he suggests. "People took notice because we were beaten to the post. It made more of a story for DJs to talk about."

'And Other Bits of Material'-'First Edition' - Paper Lace
English quintet Paper Lace topped the U.S. charts for one week in August 1974 with their American gangster era story-song "The Night Chicago Died." The song appeared on Paper Lace's eponymous U.S. debut album, which was released in September 1974 but only rose to number 124 on the Billboard Hot 200 album chart. In 2010, Paper Lace's first two U.K. albums, And Other Bits of Material and First Edition, were released on a single compilation CD (above) by the import label 7T's Records.
Nottingham, England, is known as the "lace city," and it was home to lead singer/drummer Philip Wright (born April 9, 1948). Along with bassist Cliff Fish (born August 13, 1949, in Ripley, Derbyshire), he formed Paper Lace in 1969. Joining within the next two years were lead guitarist Michael Vaughn (born July 27, 1950, in Sheffield, Yorkshire) and guitarist Chris Morris (born November 1, 1954, in Nottingham). They were the house band at a Rochdale club called Tiffany's, and made some television appearances on the BBC, first with host Terry Wogan and then on a program called Crackerjack.

In 1974, with rhythm guitarist Carlo Santanna (born June 29, 1947, in Rome) added, Paper Lace appeared on Opportunity Knocks, a talent show broadcast on the BBC's rival, ITV. The group won first place. Watching their victory at home on television was Connie Callander, wife of writer/producer Peter Callander. She told her husband about the group, and along with his partner, Murray, set up an audition at their studio for Paper Lace.

Murray and Callander had half-completed a tune they wanted to record, and were looking for a group to cut it. It was a story-song, much like the number seven hit they wrote for Georgie Fame in 1968, "The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde." The song was "Billy, Don't Be a Hero."

"The Night Chicago Died" followed in the story-song tradition. "Our research was a little bit slipshod," Murray admits. "We had a good example of bad research working will for us with 'Bonnie and Clyde.' We had 'dulap' bag instead of 'burlap' bag." A similar problem plagued "The Night Chicago Died." "We wrote this fictional story about Al Capone and his men having a shoot-out with the police, which of course never happened. And we used the phrase 'the East side of Chicago.' They claim there is no 'east' side of Chicago. There's an east side of everything!"

"The Night Chicago Died" only reached number three in Britain, even though it was specifically written for domestic consumption. "Our song was written for the English market," Murray says. "If you sit down and try to write an international hit, you get nowhere."

Once the record was a hit in America, the band's manager had a clever promotional idea. He thought. "The manager of the group naively wrote to Mayor (Richard) Daley, hoping that he was going to get congratulated...and when the boys went to the States they'd have a civic reception," Murray recalls. Instead of the key to the city, the group received what Murray terms "a rather rude letter." The Mayor ended it with, "And one more question...are you nuts?"

Paper Lace's American career ended seven months after it began. The follow-up to "The Night Chicago Died" was called "The Black-Eyed Boys," which peaked at number 41. Soon after, the group listened to some bad advice and broke their contract with Murray and Callander's Bus Stop Records, hoping to get a large advance from another label. Lawsuits and countersuits ensued, with the band the loser in an out-of-court settlement.

- Fred Bronson, The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, Billboard, 1988.

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